December 9, 1861 to Mr. Ordway Smith, Camp Dennison Ohio “Care of Capt. Elwood” Patriotic “Constitution” design.
Ordway Smith enlisted as a Corporal in October of 1861 and mustered in to Company “D”, 48th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He received a disability discharge at Young’s Point, Louisiana in February of 1863.
Captain Cyrus Elwood also enlisted in to Company “D” of the 48th OVI in October, 1861. He resigned his commission in August, 1862 at the age of 39.
July 26 – Type II postmark was returned to service, and remained in use until the camp closed in November of 1865. The reason for the switch back to Type II is unknown.
October 14 – Type I Camp Dennison postmark on a patriotic cannon design. The Type I postmark had its first appearance around January of 1863. It is known used as late as October 19.
1865 – The transition from the Type III back to Type II postmark.
During the Civil War from 1861 to 1865, Camp Dennison, Ohio, 17 miles east of Cincinnati, was a Union Army training camp, (not POW), and a branch of the Miamiville Post Office . It was one of only three Union camps, POW or otherwise, to have its own dedicated postmarks. There were three types of Camp Dennison postmarks used during the War Years. "All covers are from the Trilobite collection of Camp Dennison Postal History"
Letters mailed in to Camp Dennison are almost as numerous as those mailed out.
The two covers here are typical of Patriotic designs popular at the time.
May 11 – Type III postmark on Lincoln mourning cover. The Type III postmark is presumed to have been in use until about June. This envelope, and its matching letterhead sheet, were produced and sold very quickly after the Lincoln assassination.
Memphis Stamp Collectors Society
January 25 – Earliest known usage of the Type III postmark. The Type III is very similar to, and may have been constructed from, the Type I. Type III has a smaller inner circle, frequently off center. The year date slug of the Type III is almost always missing or indistinct. This cover is a Soldier’s Letter, which was allowed to pass through the mails unpaid with 3 cents due from the destination.
January 22, 1862 from Lebanon, Kentucky to Mr. John H. Lindsey, 3rd Reg. OVC, care of Captain Marvin. “Soldier’s Letter”, A R Brown Chaplain, 64 Reg. OV Inf
Patriotic Freedom statue with United States flag design.
John H. Lindsey was mustered in to the 3rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Cavalry in December of 1861. He was killed in action at Moulton, Alabama in May of 1864.
Captain John W. Marvin was a commissioned officer of Company “M” of the 3rd Regiment OVC.
Alexander R. Brown, Chaplain, was commissioned in November of 1861 to Company “S” of the 64th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He resigned his commission in July of 1862 at the age of 43.
1865 – The transition from the Type II to Type III postmark
1863 – The transition from the Type I to Type II postmark.
November 11 – the earliest known usage of the Type II postmark. This remained in use at the camp until the end of 1864, then used again to replace the Type III postmark in June of 1865. Of the three postmarks, the Type II is the most commonly encountered.
Long before phones and computers, these glorious examples of art and craftsmanship, seemingly, mere little blobs of ink on paper, have been part of our human history spanning the globe. They have helped us "reach out and touch someone" for more than 165 years. Do you collect? How, and what, do you collect? Come Join Us!
They provide a constant stimulus for the inquisitive mind and lover of history. The challenge, is engaging the younger generations, and thus, we congratulate a fellow club member for her innovation. The club has established a grant program to help school teachers with the cost of using stamps in their school curriculum. Grants are limited to school systems in the Greater Mid-South (Memphis, TN, USA) area. Below, Tammy Phillips, our first Grant Recipient, received her award from Karla Norman. Please see the MSCS Grant page under "School Librarian".